HomeBUSINESSExplore the Flavorful Journey of Coffee Farming in India

Explore the Flavorful Journey of Coffee Farming in India


The origin of coffee farming can be traced back to ancient times in Ethiopia. Presently, coffee cultivation requires an immense amount of laborious effort. The popularity of coffee worldwide is due to its ability to invigorate and awaken the senses. This informative article will explore the rich history of coffee, the cultivation process, and its environmental impact.


We’ll also highlight the importance of maintaining a sustainable coffee supply chain. This is a crucial aspect of ensuring that coffee production continues to thrive. It’s a complex challenge that requires careful attention and ongoing effort from everyone involved in the industry. By working together, we can help to address these obstacles and support sustainable coffee farming practices.

Historical Background of Coffee Farming

Centuries ago, the tale of coffee farming unfolded in the ancient terrains of Ethiopia, where the enchanting allure of its invigorating essence sparked the beginnings of cultivation. As time passed, the fragrant beans embarked on a journey, traversing the Arabian Peninsula, becoming an inseparable aspect of Islamic heritage by the 15th century. Eventually, coffee’s alluring aroma graced the lands of Europe and beyond, setting the stage for sprawling coffee plantations to take root in lush tropical corners across the globe.

Top Production Countries of Coffee

The following are the top ten production countries of coffee in the world.


Top Coffee Production States in India

The following are major coffee-growing states in India.

Tamil NaduAndhra Pradesh
Odisha Tripura

Health Benefits of Coffee

Discover the amazing benefits of coffee! From lifting our mood and providing antioxidants to reducing the risk of diabetes and improving heart health, coffee is like a natural elixir for our well-being. 

  • It may protect us from Alzheimer’s, keep our liver healthy, and even help prevent Parkinson’s disease. Embrace the wonders of coffee as a delightful ally in your journey to a healthier life.
  • Additionally, savouring a cup of coffee may provide a shield against Alzheimer’s, bolster liver health, and even guard us against the troubling clutches of Parkinson’s disease. 
  • Embrace the wonders of coffee, a delightful ally in pursuing a healthier life.

Climate Requirement for Coffee, 

The success of coffee farming greatly depends on the climate. Coffee Arabica prefers high altitudes between 900 to 1600 meters but can grow at lower elevations. However, growing at high altitudes can lead to late maturation and vulnerability to frost and strong winds. 

The coffee crop thrives with an annual rainfall of 2,200 to 2,300 mm, but excessive rain can cause leaf rot and fungal diseases. For optimal growth and yield, the ideal temperature ranges from 10°C to 28°C. Providing shade is essential in hot areas to protect coffee plants from extreme temperatures.

Soil Requirement for Coffee 

Coffee can be grown on various soil types but thrives best in shallow sandy loam soils with good organic matter. Steep slopes and flatlands are also suitable for coffee cultivation. 

  • Water balance in the soil is crucial for successful coffee growing, so it’s essential to consider this aspect. 
  • To improve soil structure and create an optimal seedbed for coffee cultivation, farmers use disc harrow in the secondary tillage process during coffee farming.
  • Before establishing a coffee garden, commercial growers should conduct soil testing to identify any nutrient deficiencies. 
  • If needed, these deficiencies should be addressed by adding appropriate supplements. 
  • To achieve high yields and quality coffee, the soil’s pH level should ideally be maintained between 5.0 to 6.0.

Propagation in Coffee Farming

Coffee crops can be grown through seeds or cuttings. Selecting high-quality heavy, broad, and boat-shaped sources is crucial. The seeds should be dried in the shade.

  • Around 4000 to 5000 coffee seeds are needed to cover one hectare of land for planting. Sow the seeds about 2.5 cm apart, and within 30 to 40 days, they will germinate in the field or nursery beds.
  • Once the coffee seedlings have grown, they can be uprooted and transplanted into polythene bags or nursery beds with a spacing of 25 cm. This process ensures proper growth and development of the coffee plants.

Preparation of Land

For a successful coffee orchard establishment, it is essential to prepare the land thoroughly. It involves performing 4 or 5 ploughings and harrowing to create fine soil. It’s crucial to clear the area of stones, debris, and weeds from previous crops.

  • To ensure optimal growth, commercial coffee growers should conduct soil testing to assess its fertility and suitability. 
  • Based on the soil test results, necessary nutrients and micronutrients should be added to the soil before planting the coffee seedlings. 
  • To prepare the land and clear dense vegetation before planting coffee crops, farmers in the early stages of coffee farming utilise disc plough to break and turn the soil. 
  • These steps will help create the ideal conditions for a healthy coffee plantation.


in coffee growing is a helpful practice that serves multiple purposes. It keeps weeds at bay, retains moisture in the soil, and prevents erosion.

  • Moreover, mulching enriches the soil, regulates temperature, and improves texture. 
  • The mulch material transforms into beneficial organic matter, benefiting the coffee plants and the environment.


The coffee industry has undergone a remarkable evolution, originating in Ethiopia and expanding to the sprawling plantations of Latin America. It’s crucial to prioritise sustainable farming practices and support fair trade programs for the well-being and protection of the environment. Early-stage farmers often use disc ploughs to break and turn the soil, clearing dense vegetation before planting the coffee crops.


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