Known to be the oldest pet, the dog is one of the favorites of human beings. Approximately 15,000 years ago, dog breeds began to emerge in a way that left many trainers perplexed by characteristics such as appearance, intelligence, personality difference between one breed and another, etc.

Especially nowadays, with the vast majority of people being aware of how to properly care for their pet, there is even more connection with dog breeds and, in this way, many others were known and created.

See, therefore, in this post, 10 dog breeds you need to know!


The Shih Tzu is a Chinese breed, derived from the Lhasa Apso. It is a small dog , 20 to 26 cm tall, weighing 4 to 8 kg.

They are known for being a sweet breed and because they really like to be pampered. Therefore, they are often chosen to be the family’s companion dog.

Its long coat requires a lot of care – daily brushing and clipping in warmer weather. Dogs of this breed get along well with other dogs and children .

The average lifespan of a Shih Tzu is 10 to 18 years. Because it doesn’t need much space to exercise, it’s a good dog to live in an apartment.


The Lhasa Apso are very furry, small dogs (from 24 to 25 cm tall), calm and with a strong personality. Despite their small size, Lhasa Apso can be watchdogs as they are always alert and bark in the presence of strangers.

They are very protective and when well trained they are extremely obedient. Despite the similarity, the Lhasas have a longer snout than the Shih Tzu and a slightly narrower skull.

They live, on average, from 12 to 15 years. Because they have a long coat, they also require a lot of care, such as daily brushing, frequent baths and shaving in warmer seasons.


The Poodle is one of the most popular dog breeds in the country and the world. They are very active and do well with sports – so, in the old days, they were very frequent in circuses.

There are wide varieties of poodle colors and 4 varieties of size (from large to toy poodle, poodles can be 25 to 60 cm tall).

Larger poodles are more active and have more energy; toys, on the other hand, do not require much physical exercise.

The average lifespan of a poodle is 14 to 18 years. Big poodles, because they have more energy, need bigger places to live – which is not a problem for toy poodles, which live well in small places.

However, toy poodles are not a recommended breed for homes with children, as they are too small and fragile.


The French Bulldog has a very peculiar appearance and one of the most striking characteristics of the breed is its flattened muzzle.

Dogs with this characteristic are called brachycephalic and, therefore, need special care, especially on warmer days, as they may have difficulty breathing and cooling down.

It is a small dog, measuring between 29 and 35 cm in height, and with short hair, which facilitates its care. It is a very sociable breed of dog and does not like to be left alone .

They don’t tend to bark much , so they’re a good choice for apartment dwellers. They live an average of 9 to 12 years. They tend to be overweight and therefore moderate exercise such as walking is important to keep the dog at a healthy weight.

5. PUG

The Pug gradually conquered the hearts of dog owners .

They are very companion dogs, who act as if they were part of the family and are very attached to humans.

Like the French bulldog, it is a brachycephalic dog and is therefore known to make noises when breathing, especially when sleeping.

They are companions and need light exercise because they tend to gain weight. Because of this trend, it’s also important to watch your diet .

In general, they are a little smaller than the French bulldog (they are, on average, 25 to 30 cm tall) and live 12 to 14 years, on average.


One of the most charismatic dog breeds, the Golden Retriever is a naturally hunting dog and also an excellent guide dog.

Known for its very sweet and affectionate temperament, the Golden has a lot of energy and enjoys playing sports, including swimming.

Dogs of this breed can be a little anxious and often ask for affection even from strangers. It is important that the Golden is trained and that he exercises daily, as his excess energy can even cause small accidents at home.

The Golden is a large breed of dog, reaching 51 to 61 cm in height and reaching more than 30 kg.

Therefore, when adopting a Golden, know that he will need space. They live, on average, 10 to 12 years. Like other large dog breeds , Goldens tend to develop hip dysplasia, a disease that affects the dog’s joints and can arise from a genetic malformation or from injuries and overload.


This breed of very small dogs is very popular among families. In the old days, they were used for hunting rodents, but today they are often adopted as a companion dog, as they are not suitable dogs for living outside the home.

Yorkshires are very sweet and intelligent dogs, they are usually very attached to their owners and tend to bark at strangers.

When trained, they need to be handled firmly as they tend to have a stubborn temper. Its long coat, characteristic of the breed, needs regular brushing and clipping.

Its small size (from 20 to 22 cm in height and weighing an average of 4 kg) makes the Yorkshire not very suitable for homes with small children, as they have a fragile body. They live, on average, from 12 to 16 years.


The German shepherd is a breed that became known as a guard, police or military dog. Known to be very intelligent and loyal to its owner, it tends to be always alert and defends its territory.

Its nose is very good, so it is a breed widely used by police and firefighters to track drugs or even rescue lost people.

It is an easy dog ​​to train and it is with training that it will be able to act as a more aggressive protective dog or as a member of the family.

Due to its large size (from 55 to 65 cm in height, and can weigh up to 40 kg), it is necessary to be careful with hip dysplasia, a frequent disease in breeds like this.

Regular exercises are important so that there are no behavioral problems in the shepherd, such as chewing on undue objects and excessive barking. German shepherd dogs live from 10 to 14 years on average.


The Labrador is a very friendly breed of dog, which is often used as a guide dog for the blind. Very sweet, the Labrador is a dog recommended for families with children, as it is a companion with a great temperament.

It is a very active breed that enjoys sports and swimming. It is necessary to do exercises so that the dog can direct its energy, so as not to cause problems such as chewing and destruction of some belongings.

They are dogs that like water and food very much and, because they have this reputation of “sweet tooth”, it is necessary to take care so that they do not become obese.

Labradors are large dogs (measuring 54 to 57 cm in height and weighing more than 30 kg) and live an average of 10 to 13 years.

Because they like water very much, you need to be aware of possible ear infections, very common in labradors. Therefore, you need to keep your ears dry after bathing or swimming.


The famous “salsichinha” dog has been a very common breed in Pak for many years. They are dogs that have a great nose and are good diggers.

Despite their small size (they are 30 to 35 cm tall, on average), they generally have a strong temperament and, therefore, it is recommended that they be trained.

They are intelligent and have variations of short and long hair. Dachshunds tend to bond with one person in particular and end up being jealous of their tutors.

Dogs of the Dachshund breed can live from 12 to 15 years and care is needed with food and exercise, so that the animal does not become obese. Care must be taken with possible herniated discs, especially when the Dachshund is overweight.


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